B. Read and analyze the quest ons/statements below. Encircle the letter of the correct answer
1. Where in the cell does glycolysis take place?
a cell membrane b. cytoplasm
2. What is the overall goal of cellular respiration?
a. to manufacture food
c. to capture energy from glucose
b. to break down glucose
d to make water and carbon dioxide
3. Which organisms manufacture their own food?
4. What is the outcome of glycolysis?
a. the breakdown of NADH into NAD
b. the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate molecules
c. the breakdown pyruvate into two glucose molecules
d. the breakdown of glucose into carbon dioxide molecules
5. What waste product is released during photosynthesis?
a. carbon dioxide b. glucose
3. A .
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answer: These beautiful sled dogs are a metabolic marvel. While running up to 100 miles a day, they will each consume and burn about 12 thousand calories — about 240 calories per pound per day, which is the equivalent of about 24 Big Macs! A human endurance athlete, in contrast, typically burns only about 100 calories per pound each day. Scientists are intrigued by the amazing metabolism of sled dogs, although they still haven't determined how they use up so much energy. But one thing is certain: all living things need energy for everything they do, whether it's running a race or blinking an eye. In fact, every cell of your body constantly needs energy just to carry out basic life processes. You probably know that you get energy from the food you eat, but where does food come from? How does it come to contain energy? And how do your cells get the energy from food?
What Is Energy?
In the scientific world, energy is defined as the ability to do work. You can often see energy at work in living things — a bird flies through the air, a firefly glows in the dark, a dog wags its tail. These are obvious ways that living things use energy, but living things constantly use energy in less obvious ways, as well.
Why Living Things Need Energy
Inside every cell of all living things, energy is needed to carry out life processes. Energy is required to break down and build up molecules, and to transport many molecules across plasma membranes. All of life’s work needs energy. A lot of energy is also simply lost to the environment as heat. The story of life is a story of energy flow — its capture, its change of form, its use for work, and its loss as heat. Energy (unlike matter) cannot be recycled, so organisms require a constant input of energy. Life runs on chemical energy. Where do living organisms get this chemical energy?
How Organisms Get Energy
The chemical energy that organisms need comes from food. Food consists of organic molecules that store energy in their chemical bonds. In terms of obtaining food for energy, there are two types of organisms: autotrophs and heterotrophs.
Autotrophs are organisms that capture energy from nonliving sources and transfer that energy into the living part of the ecosystem. They are also able to make their own food. Most autotrophs use the energy in sunlight to make food in the process of photosynthesis. Only certain organisms — such as plants, algae, and some bacteria — can make food through photosynthesis. Some photosynthetic organisms are shown in the figure below.
Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have ... Animal cells simply have a cell membrane, but no cell wall.
Cytoplasm is the answer
Highlight Excel Cells Based on the Value of Another Cell
In many cases, you will base the formatting rule for your Excel cells on how they compare to the value of another cell. Take the example illustrated here. The cells are conditionally highlighted if their respective values fall below the Prior Year Average shown in cell B3.
To build this basic formatting rule, follow these steps:
Select the data cells in your target range (cells E3:C14 in this example), click the Home tab of the Excel Ribbon, and then select Conditional Formatting→New Rule.
This opens the New Formatting Rule dialog box.
In the list box at the top of the dialog box, click the Use a Formula to Determine which Cells to Format option.
This selection evaluates values based on a formula you specify. If a particular value evaluates to TRUE, the conditional formatting is applied to that cell.
In the formula input box, enter the formula shown with this step.
Note that you are simply comparing your target cell (E3) with the value in the comparison cell ($B$3). As with standard formulas, you need to ensure that you use absolute references so that each value in your range is compared to the appropriate comparison cell.
Note that in the formula, you exclude the absolute reference dollar symbols ($) for the target cell (E3). If you click cell E3 instead of typing the cell reference, Excel automatically makes your cell reference absolute. It’s important that you don’t include the absolute reference dollar symbols in your target cell because you need Excel to apply this formatting rule based on each cell’s own value.
Click the Format button.
This opens the Format Cells dialog box, where you have a full set of options for formatting the font, border, and fill for your target cell. After you have completed choosing your formatting options, click the OK button to confirm your changes and return to the New Formatting Rule dialog box.
Back in the New Formatting Rule dialog box, click the OK button to confirm your formatting rule.
If you need to edit your conditional formatting rule, simply place your cursor in any of the data cells within your formatted range and then go to the Home tab and select Conditional Formatting→Manage Rules. This opens the Conditional Formatting Rules Manager dialog box. Click the rule you want to edit and then click the Edit Rule button.
a. loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy
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